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রবীন্দ্র গীতিকাব্য

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L¢ha¡ J N¡®el j®dÉ HC pÇfLÑ A®eLV¡C Ef®l¡š² ¢hou®L ®L¾cÊ L®lCz …l¦®c®hl N¡e ¢e®u B®m¡Qe¡ Ll¡l pju H-Lb¡ AhnÉC j®e l¡M¡ Bh¢nÉL ®k ¢a¢e HLSe M¤hC EyQ¥c®ll L¢hz ay¡l j¡e¢pL L¢h fËL«¢aJ N¡®e ay¡®L ¢h®no ®fËlZ¡ S¤¢N®u®Rz p¤¤al¡w L¢h-je-®L h¡c ¢c®u ay¡®L ®Lhmj¡œ pwN£®al p¤¤lL¡l l©®f ¢hQ¡l Ll¡l ®L¡®e¡ ®k±¢š²La¡C ®eCz ay¡l l¢Qa N¡®e Lb¡ J p¤¤®ll HL A¢e¾cÉp¤¤¾cl ®jmhåe f¢lm¢ra quz a¡l j¤MÉax mrÉ i¡hfËL¡nz …l¦®ch “pwN£a J N¡e’ (j¡O, 1288) fËh®å h®m®Re-“”Bjl¡ L¢ha¡®L ®k Q®r ®c¢M, pwN£a®LJ ¢WL ®pC Q®r ®c¢Mh z hm¡ h¡ýmÉ, Bjl¡ kMe HL¢V L¢ha¡ f¢s, aMe a¡q¡®L Bjl¡ öd¤j¡œ Lb¡l pj¢ø-ül©®f ®c¢M e¡ -Lb¡l p¢qa i¡®hl pðå ¢hQ¡l L¢lz i¡hC j¤MÉ mrÉz Lb¡ i¡®hl BnËu ül©fz Bjl¡ pwN£a®LJ ®pCl©®f ®c¢M®a Q¡C  pwN£a p¤¤®ll l¡N-l¡¢Ne£ e®q, pwN£a i¡®hl l¡Nl-l¡¢Ne£z Bj¡®cl Lb¡ HC ®k- L¢ha¡ ®kje i¡®hl i¡o¡, pwN£aJ ®aj¢e i¡®hl  i¡o¡z”zz …l¦®ch lh£¾cÊe¡®bl N¡®e i¡h, p¤¤l J h¡Z£l HL A¢h®µRcÉ Efm¢ìl håe mrÉ Ll¡ k¡uz ®kM¡®e B®R i¡®hl ¢Qq²Signs of Ideas Hl Hhw Ae¤i®hl ¢Qq²Signs of Feeling HM¡®e p¤¤l Lb¡l A¿¹¢eÑ¢qa i¡h fËL¡®n p¡q¡kÉ L®l N¡e®L p¤¤c§lfËp¡l£ L®l ®a¡®m z …l¦®c®hl j®el HC AhÉš² l©f¢VC fËL¡n ®f®u®R ay¡l La«L pªø c¤¢V ¢iædjÑ£ N¡®el j®dÉ ¢c®u z fËbj¢V L¡hÉN£¢a Hhw ¢àa£u¢V N£¢aL¡hÉ z

 

fË¡Q£e L¡m ®b®LC fc¡hm£ p¡¢qaÉ h¡ c¢rZ i¡la£u L¢ha¡ N¡®el p¤¤®l f¡W Ll¡ qaz haÑj¡®eJ HC I¢aqÉ f¡¢ma q®uC Bp®Rz ®m¡Lp¡¢qaÉ-N¡b¡ BSJ j¡e¤®ol ¢Qš¢h®e¡c®el AeÉaj EfS£hÉz …l¦®ch lh£¾cÊe¡b-J hý hs lQe¡u h¡ L¢ha¡u p¤¤l¡®l¡f L®l hý N¡e lQe¡ L®l®Re ®kM¡®e N¡e…¢m ®L¡®e¡ L¢hl N¡®el Ae¤LlZ eu hlw a¡ pÇf¨ZÑ l¡h£¢¾cÊL I¢a®qÉ üuwfËiz haÑj¡®e ¢q¾c£ dË¥fc h¡ ®Mu¡m N¡®e hs lQe¡l Qme fË¡u ®eCz k¢cJ ¢h®noi¡®h E®õMÉ f§®hÑ dË¥f®cl BL¡l ¢Rm h®s¡ lQe¡l eÉ¡uz Ec¡qlZül©f hm¡ k¡u lh£¾cÊe¡®bl “”h®q ¢el¿¹l Ae¿¹ Be¾cd¡l¡” N¡®el j§mN¡e“”®c¡pq ®c¡M c¤M cm¢e” dË¥f®cl HC ¢h®no h¢¾cn¢Vl Lb¡z HC j§mN¡®e ®j¡V 13¢V Ù¹hL haÑj¡ez haÑj¡®e ¢q¾c£ dË¥f®c k¢cJ Q¡l¢V a¥LÚ-C b¡®Lz ¢L¿¹¥ ¢q¾c£ h¡ EcѤ L¢ha¡u ®k p¤¤l b¡®L h¡ ®k p¤¤l hÉhq©a qu a¡®a °h¢QœÉ b¡®L e¡z öd¤j¡œ b¡®L pqS p¤¤®ll f¤el¡hª¢šz h¡wm¡l fõ£N£¢alJ HC HLC d¡l¡z h¡wm¡®c®n hý k¤N ®b®LC EµQ®nËZ£l pwN£a¡e¤l¡N£ pwN£a lQ¢ua¡l j®dÉC ®cM¡ k¡u ¢q¾c£ N¡®el fËi¡hz ay¡®cl N¡e ®pCSeÉC ¢q¾c£ j¡NÑp‰£®al eÉ¡uz BL¡®l ®R¡®V¡ q®a q®u®Rz h¡wm¡l fË¡Q£e L¡hÉpwN£a J L£šÑ®e p¤¤l °h¢QœÉ pq h®s¡ N¡e f¡Ju¡ k¡uz Bh¡l ®R¡®V¡ N¡®eJ BMl h¢p®uJ L£šÑe£u¡®cl j®dÉ N¡e¢V®L h®s¡ L®l fËL¡n Llh¡l fËb¡ haÑj¡ez ®p®r®œ p¤¤®l, i¡®hl fËL¡®n, Lb¡l °h¢Q®œÉ J Y®P f¤el¡hª¢šl °h¢QœÉ ¢h®nol©®f mrZ£uz Bh¡l ®L¡®e¡ ®L¡®e¡ L£šÑe N¡®e fËbj L¢ml p¤¤l AeÉph L¢ml pj¡ez ¢q¾c£ N¡®e h¡ j¡NÑpwN£®a “l¡Nj¡m¡’ l©®fl HLdl®Zl h®s¡ N¡e B®Rz ¢L¿¹¥ h¡Z£ J p¤¤®ll j®dÉ ®L¡®e¡ ®jmhåe HM¡®e ®eC hlw ¢h¢iæ l¡Nl¡¢NZ£®L n®ël à¡l¡ hy¡dh¡l SeÉC ®ke HC N¡e…¢m l¢Qaz ®R¡®V¡ L¡hÉN£¢a®a p¤¤l ®ki¡®h l©f f¢lNËq L®l h®s¡ L¡hÉ-l©f-N£¢a®a HC l©f¡uZ kb¡kb e¡¾c¢eLa¡l p®‰ f¡Ju¡ k¡u e¡z ®R¡®V¡ N¡®el AÒf f¢lp®ll j®dÉ HLC l¡¢NZ£l-l©f lr¡ L®l p¤¤l ®k¡Se¡l °h¢QœÉ p’¡l Ll¡ pqS ¢L¿¹¥ h®s¡ L¢ha¡u HLC l¡¢NZ£ h¡ hý l¡N-l¡¢NZ£l pjeÄ®u p¡j”pÉju ¢jnË®Z p¤¤l°h¢QœÉ Beue k®bøC L¢Wez ®k pLm ApwMÉ L¢ha¡ L¡hÉ l©®fC m¤¢L®u ¢Rm qW¡v …l¦®c®hlC üL£u ¢Q¿¹¡u ®pC L¢ha¡l BaÈfËL¡n qm N¡®el j®dÉ ¢c®uz ®pC L¢ha¡ p¤¤®ll j¡œ¡u A¢i¢oš² q®u m¡i Llm ea¥e j¡œ¡ (Dimension), ®k L¢ha¡ ¢Rm Bhª¢šl hª®šl h¡¢p¾c¡z HL¢ce a¡®a p¤¤®ll ®p¡e¡l L¡¢W Ry¥C®u ehS£h®el Evp p’¡¢la Ll¡u L¢ha¡¢V ®N®u EWm “N¡e’,pª¢ø qm L¡hÉN£¢alz

H dl®Zl L¢ha¡ ®L¡®e¡ HL¢V ¢h®no q©cu¡®hN®L ®kje e¡e¡l©®f, N¢a®a, °h¢Q®œ N¢an£m L®l a¥®m®R ®pC l®pl Ae¤N¡j£ l¡¢Ne£¢VJ i¡®hl p®‰ ¢jm ®l®M e¡e¡l©®f ¢e®S®L ¢hÙ¹¡l Ll®a Ll®a L¢ha¡l p®‰ p®‰ Q®m®Rz …l¦®ch h®m¢R®me – “”L¢ha¡ ®kje i¡h qC®a i¡h¡¿¹®l, AhÙÛ¡ qC®a AhÙÛ¡¿¹®l Nje L¢l®a f¡®l, l¡N-l¡¢Ne£®LJ ®pC f®b f¢lQ¡¢ma L®l N¡e®L Qmen£m L¢lu¡ ®a¡m¡ pñh z N¢an£m i¡h ®k pwN£®al f®r H®Lh¡®l Aee¤plZ£u a¡q¡ e®q z”

HC j®e¡i¡®hl k¤®NC fËb®j Qmen£m i¡®hl N¡e lQe¡ Ll®me- “Bj¡l fË¡®Zl f®l Q®m ®Nm ®L‘z N¡e¢V Mð¡S, j¡TÚ-L¡ð¡S, flS, L¡m¡ws¡ fËi«¢a ¢iæ l¡¢Ne£l pjeÄ®u ¢hl¢Qaz HM¡®e N¡®el p¤¤l J h¡Z£ N¡®el i¡®hl p®‰ ¢h®no A¿¹l‰ p¡j”pÉ ®l®M e¡e¡l©®f Bfe¡®L ¢hÙ¹¡l Ll®a Ll®a fw¢š²l p®‰ p®‰ Q®m®Rz L¢ha¡ f¡®Wl pju ®kje f¤el¡hª¢š R¡s¡C B®cÉ¡f¡¿¹ f¢Wa q®u b¡®L Ef®l¡š² N¡®el ®r®œJ N¡uel£¢a Ae¤l©®fC j¡e¡ q®u b¡®Lz k¢cJ Eš² N¡®e p¤¤lpw®k¡Se¡u °ef¤ZÉ haÑj¡e ah¤J Lb¡ J p¤¤®ll Af§hÑ ®jmhåe ¢q®p®h l¡h£¢¾cÊL HC l©f¢V ¢hlm cªø¡®¿¹l p¡rÉ hqe L®lz ®j¡V¡j¤¢V ¢q®ph L®l ®cM¡ ®N®R ®k 1291 h‰¡®ël i¡e¤¢pwq W¡L¥®ll fc¡hm£ ®b®L öl¦ L®l R¢h J N¡e, påÉ¡p‰£a, L¢s J ®L¡jm, j¡ep£, ®p¡e¡l al£, ¢Qœ¡, LÒfe¡, r¢ZL¡, ®Mu¡, N£a¡”m£, EvpNÑ, hm¡L¡, f§lh£, jýu¡ J Ga¥l‰fkÑ¿¹ ¢a¢e hý NË®¿Ûl L¢ha¡u p¤¤l pw®k¡Se¡ L®l®Rez phÑ¡®fr¡ ®hn£ N¡e lQe¡ L®l®Re r¢ZL¡ J jýu¡ L¡hÉNË¿Û ®b®Lzlh£¾cÊe¡b ay¡l fËbj L¡hÉNË®¿Ûl p§Qe¡u h®m®Re ab¡ ü£L«¢a ¢c®u®Re, “påÉ¡pwN£®aC Bj¡l L¡®hÉl fËbj f¢lQu’z k¢cJ ay¡l L¡hÉN£¢al ¢iæ fkÑ¡®ul p§Qe¡ q®u¢Rm “i¡e¤¢pwq W¡L¥®ll fc¡hm£’l jdÉ ¢c®u z ®pC N¡e…¢m qm –

1) NqeL¥p¤¤jL¥” j¡®T

2) pS¢e pS¢e l¡¢dL¡ ®m¡

3) öe ®m¡ öe ®m¡ h¡¢mL¡

4) BS¥ p¢M j¤ý j¤ý

5) n¡Pe NN®e ®O¡l OeOV¡

6) hS¡J ®l ®j¡qe hy¡¢n

Hhw   7) jlZ ®l ay¥ý jj nÉ¡j pj¡e z

HM¡®e E®õMÉ ®k “R¢h J N¡e’ L¡®hÉ fËbj p¤¤®ll B¢hiÑ¡h O®V  L¢ha¡ c¤’¢V ¢Rm –

1) “®L’ (Bj¡l fË¡®Zl ‘f®l Q®m ®Nm ®L )

     2) “p¤¤MüfÀ’ (JC S¡e¡m¡l L¡®R h®p B®R )

aMe 1883 p¡m z …l¦®c®hl pwN£a lQe¡l p§Qe¡ k¢cJ A®eL B®NC öl¦ ¢L¿¹¥ h¡Cn hvpl hu®p fËbj L¢ha¡ H®p p¤¤®ll q¡a dlm h¡ hm¡ k¡u h¡Z£ J p¤¤®ll f¡¢ZNËqZ-Hl HV¡C ¢Rm öi j¤q¨aÑz ¢L¿¹¥ ¢h®noi¡®h E®õMÉ ®k i¡e¤¢pw®ql fc¡hm£l f§®hÑ¡š²-fc hÉa£a AeÉ¡eÉ fc…¢ml p¤¤l ¢hØj«¢al Nqe-Oe¡åL¡®l ¢hm¤ç q®u ®N®Rz ®pC p¤¤lq¡l¡ N¡e haÑj¡®e Bj¡®cl L¡®R L¢ha¡ j¡œz AeÉ¢c®L ®N¡¢h¾cc¡p J ¢hcÉ¡f¢al ¢hMÉ¡a c¤¢V fc kb¡œ²®j “p¤¤¾cl£ l¡®d BJ ®u h¢e’ Hhw“H il¡ h¡cl j¡q i¡cl’ ®a lh£¾cÊp¤¤l B®l¡¢fa q®u¢Rm z ¢h®noax ¢àa£u N¡®el p¤¤l pð®å lh£¾cÊ-N®hoL J p‰£a‘ nË£ p¤¤d£l Q¾c h®m®Re – “” . . . a¥me¡q£e B¢hú¡l z JC p¤¤l °al£ qu e¡, it happens, üax Evfæ qu, AiÉ¥cu”z

“R¢h J N¡e’ L¡®hÉl AeÉaj L¢ha¡ ¢Rm “jlZ’ (jlZ ®l, nÉ¡j ®ay¡q¡lC e¡j)z k¡l flhaÑ£ N£al©f qm “”jlZ ®l, ay¥ý jj nÉ¡j pj¡e”z ®cM¡ k¡L, “i¡la£’ f¢œL¡u 1288 nË¡hZ pwMÉ¡u Hhw “R¢h J N¡e’-Hl fËbj pwúl®Z fËbj fËL¡®n “jlZ’ L¢ha¡l l©f, N£a¢ha¡®e E¢õ¢Ma haÑj¡e l©®fl j®dÉ LaV¡ f¢lhaÑe mrÉ Ll¡ k¡u –

 

“jlZ’

“”jlZ ®l …………………………… jªaÉ¥ Ajªa L®l c¡e z”

 

zz  jlZ ®l ……….

       nÉ¡j ®ay¡q¡lC e¡j z

     ¢Ql ¢hplm kh ¢elcu j¡dh

     ay¥ý e iC¢h ®j¡l h¡jz                   p’¢ua¡ *

 

“”i¥Sf¡®n ah mq p®ð¡d¢u,

By¢Mf¡a jT¥ ®cq a¥ ®l¡d¢u z”                  N£a¢ha¡e }

 

“”i¨Sf¡®n ah mq p®ð¡d¢u

By¢Mf¡®a jT¥ Bph ®j¡c¢u  z”                 p’¢ua¡ }

 

c§l p®P ayý hy¡¢n h¡S¡J¢p

     Ae¤Me X¡L¢p, Ae¤Me X¡L¢p

     “l¡d¡, l¡d¡, l¡d¡’ z

¢chp g¥l¡Jm, Ahýy j k¡Jh ,

¢hlqa¡f ah Ahýy O¤Q¡Jh,

     L¥”h¡V’fl Ahýy j d¡Jh,

ph L¥R V¥¥VCh h¡d¡ z                                p’¢ua¡ *

 

HL¢m k¡Jh a¥T A¢ip¡®l,

a¥ýy jj ¢fËuaj, ¢L gm ¢hQ¡®l –

     iu h¡d¡ ph Aiu j¤l¢a d¢l

     f¿Û ®cM¡uh ®j¡l z                       N£a¢ha¡e }

 

HL¢m k¡Jh a¥T A¢ip¡®l,

k¡L ¢fu¡ ay¥ýy ¢L iu a¡q¡®l

     iu h¡d¡ ph Aiu j§¢aÑ d¢l

     f¿Û ®cM¡uh ®j¡l z                       p’¢ua¡ *

 

( * ) -> pw®k¡Se

( } ) -> f¡W®ic

 

 

i¡e¤¢pwq W¡L¥®ll fc¡hm£ Hhw “R¢h J N¡e’ L¡®hÉl f®lC …l¦®c®hl flhaÑ£ L¡hÉ “L¢s J ®L¡jm’z HM¡®e 8¢V N¡®el E®õM f¡Ju¡ k¡u –

J®N¡ ®n¡®e¡ ®L h¡S¡u zz       (1886)

B¢j ¢e¢n ¢e¢n La zz                ”

J®N¡ Ha ®fËj Ha Bn¡ zz            ”

B¢S nlaaf®e zz              ”

dl¡ ¢c®u¢R ®N¡ zz               ”

H öd¤ Amp j¡u¡ zz             ”

®Le ®Q®u BR ®N¡ j¡ zz         ”

Bj¡u ®h¡®m¡ e¡ N¡¢q®a zz        ”

Eš² N¡e…¢ml j®dÉ “”H öd¤ Amp j¡u¡”  N¡e¢V “”n¡f®j¡Qe” eªaÉe¡®VÉ hÉhq©a quz N¡e¢Vl N¡uel£¢a®a f¤el¡hª¢š ®eC, ®no fkÑ¿¹ H®Lh¡®l ®N®u ®k®a quz N¡e¢Vl N¢an£m i¡®hl p®‰ p¤¤®ll p¡j”pÉ HL ¢hlm cªø¡¿¹ ®pCSeÉ HL l¡¢Ne£®a (Cje-LmÉ¡Z) ®b®LJ pjNËi¡®h N¡e¢V®a ¢h®no HL¢V p¤¤l j¡d¤kÑ J ®pC p®‰ p¤¤l-°h¢Qœ fËØg¥¢Va q®u®Rz

Hlf®lC “j¡ep£’ L¡®hÉl ¢ae¢V N¡e –

Hje ¢c®e a¡®l hm¡ k¡u zz          ®l¡S hÉ¡ˆ z ¢Ml¢L z 3 °SùÉ 1296

®L Bj¡®l H®e®R X¡¢Lu¡ zz          1887

ah¤ j®e ®l®M¡ zz                  1887

HC 3¢V N¡®el j®dÉ “”®L Bj¡®l H®e®R X¡¢Lu¡” N¡e¢V L¢ha¡l©®fC fËb®j NZÉ qaz 1326 p¡®m N¡®el c®m H¢V fËbj ÙÛ¡e ®fm z N¡e¢Vl l¡N-l¡¢Ne£l L¡W¡®j¡®L p§rÈ ¢hQ¡l Ll®m ®cM¡ k¡®h ®k l¡j®L¢m, flS Hhw hp¿¹ HC ¢ae¢V l¡®Nl l©fC ¢h®noi¡®h ¢hcÉj¡e z hm¡ k¡u ®k HC ¢ae¢V ¢iæ l©®fl l¡®Nl j®dÉ HL¢V B¢aÈL ®k¡N N®s E®W®R HC N¡®e Hhw ¢àa£u N¡e¢Vl j®dÉ f¡Ju¡ k¡u l¡h£¢¾cÊL Vè¡ J L£šÑ®el  l©fz k¢cJ N¡e¢V j¤MÉax j¤š²R®¾cl N¡e z Bj¡®cl L¡®R N®hÑl ¢hou¢V ®k pª¢øLaÑ¡l p¤¤L®˜ N£a HC N¡e¢V Hindusthan Musical Products -Hl LZÑd¡l üNÑ£u Qä£QlZ p¡q¡ jq¡nu 1935 MË£ø¡®ë ®lLXÑ L®lez p¤¤al¡w HC L¡hÉN£¢a¢V Bjl¡ …l¦®c®hl üL®ã f¡Cz

 

“®p¡e¡l al£’ L¡®hÉl 2¢V N¡e kb¡ –

®a¡jl¡ q¡¢pu¡ h¢qu¡ Q¢mu¡ k¡J        1892 MË£x

My¡Q¡l f¡¢M ¢Rm (c¤C f¡¢M)                1892 MË£x

                                     n¡q¡h¡cf¤l, 15 Bo¡t, 1299

“c¤Cf¡¢M’ L¢ha¡¢V …l¦®ch n¡qS¡cf¤®l hph¡p Ll¡ L¡m£e 19®n Bo¡t 1299 h‰¡®ë lQe¡ L®lez flhaÑ£L¡®m “i¡la£’ J “h¡mL’ f¢œL¡u 1299 ANËq¡uZ pwMÉ¡u “ele¡l£’ e¡®j fËL¡¢naz S£heØj«¢al “Ol J h¡¢ql’ AdÉ¡®u L¢h ¢e®Sl °nnh ØjlZ Ll¡l fl HC N¡®el fËbj Ù¹hL E®õM L®l¢R®mez

“¢Qœ¡’ L¡hÉNË®¿Ûl “EhÑn£’ L¢ha¡ AbÑ¡v “”eq j¡a¡ eq LeÉ¡”- p¤¤l¡®l¡¢fa qu ¢jnË L¡e¡s¡ l¡®Nz Hl lQe¡ pÇf®LÑ S¡e¡ k¡u – ®e±L¡u ¢nm¡Ccq A¢ij¤®M k¡Ju¡l pju l¢Qa quz a¡¢lM ¢Rm 23 ANËq¡uZ 1302 [ ®h¡V z ¢nm¡Ccq A¢ij¤®M zz

“°Qa¡¢m’ L¡hÉNË®¿Ûl “”B¢S ®L¡e de q®a” (1896) N¡e¢VJ AeÉaj E®õM®k¡NÉ cªø¡¿¹z

“LÒfe¡’ L¡hÉNË®¿Ûl A®eL…¢m L¢ha¡®L p¤¤l¡®l¡¢fa L®l N¡®e Amˆ«a Ll¡ q®u®Rz A®eL L¢ha¡l ¢n®l¡e¡®j l¡®Nl e¡j ®mM¡ l®u®R z Hl ®b®L HLV¡ pñ¡he¡l Lb¡ Bj¡®cl j®e q®a f¡®l ®k HM¡®e HLC L¡®m L¢ha¡ J p¤¤®ll SeÈz Hl j®dÉ “”a¥¢j påÉ¡l ®jO n¡¿¹ p¤¤c§l” L¢ha¡¢V N£a¢ha¡®e c¤¢V ¢iæ f¡W¡¿¹l l©®f l®u®R z a¡q®m ®h¡T¡ k¡u c¤¢V N£al©f HL¢V L¢ha¡lz c¤¢V N£al©®flC p¤¤l fË¡u A¢iæ z

“hoÑ¡j‰m’

JC B®p JC A¢a            1897 p¤¤l:- 1925 (Awnax)

B¢S EeÈ¡c jd¤¢e¢n            ,,    ül¢m¢f ®eC

¢L®pl a®l AnË¥ T®l                ,,   

®L H®p k¡u ¢g®l ¢g®l              ,,

J®N¡ L¡P¡m Bj¡®l L¡P¡m      ,,    (lh£¾cÊe¡b LaÑ«L N£a, ¢q¾c¥ÙÛ¡e ®lLXÑpÚ)

i¡®m¡®h®p pM£                     ,,

Hh¡l Q¢me¤ a®h              ,,    ül¢m¢f ®eC

®Le h¡S¡J Ly¡Le             ,,

®q¢lu¡ nÉ¡jm Oe             ,,

k¡¢je£ e¡ ®k®a S¡N¡®m              ,,

B¢j ®Lh¢m üfe             ,,

a¥¢j påÉ¡l ®jO n¡¿¹ p¤¤c§l      ,,

k¢c h¡lZ Ll a®h            ,,

B¢j Q¡¢q®a H®p¢R            ,,

pM£ fË¢a¢ce q¡u              ,,

c¤¢V q©c®u HL¢V Bpe              ”

A¢u i¥hej®e¡®j¡¢qe£, j¡        1896

iu q®a ah Aiu j¡®T        1899 (fËbj lh£¾cÊS®eÈ¡vph Efm®rl N¡e)

B¢j pwp¡®l je ¢c®u¢Re¤       ,,

S¡¢e ®q k®h fËi¡a q®h        ,,

“r¢ZL¡’ L¡hÉNË®¿Ûl 6¢V L¢ha¡®a …l¦®ch p¤¤lpw®k¡Se L®l¢R®mez r¢ZL¡l fËbj L¢ha¡ “”h¡¢Z®SÉ hp¢a mrÈ£” fËbj c¤¢V c¤C Ù¹hL Eõ´Oe L®l a«a£u Ù¹hL ®b®L p¤¤lpw®k¡¢Sa q®u®Rz Hlfl p¤¤lpw®k¡¢Sa q®u®R 2 °SùÉ 1307 h‰¡®ë l¢Qa ¢hMÉ¡a lQe¡ “”Bo¡t” L¢ha¡¢V®az

Cje-LmÉ¡®Zl “”lh£¾cÊ-h¡Em£u” ®Ry¡Ju¡ ¢e®u “”e£m eh-O®e Bo¡t-NN®e” N¡®e fËL«¢al ¢Q®œ hoÑZ ®ke ¢epNÑ cªnÉf®Vl e¡¾c¢eL fËL¡nz

HR¡s¡J BlJ ¢ae¢V L¢ha¡ 1900 p¡®m ¢nm¡Cc®q hph¡pL¡m£e lQe¡ L®lez ®p…¢m  qm –

A¢heu      – ®q ¢el©fj¡ –               1 Bo¡t (1307)

     L«o·L¢mL«o·L¢m B¢j a¡®lC h¢m – 4 Bo¡t (1307)

ehhoÑ¡       – q©cu Bj¡l e¡®Q®l B¢S®L – 20 °SùÉ (1307)

HC L¡hÉN£¢al j®dÉ fËbj¢Vl Ù¹h®Ll ÙÛ¡e¡¿¹lZ OV¡®e¡ q®u®Rz AbÑ¡v a«a£u Ù¹hL q®u®R N¡®el fËbj, fËbj Ù¹hL ¢àa£u, ®no¢V a«a£u Hhw L¡®hÉl ¢àa£u q®u®R f¢l®no – Qa¥bÑz ea¥e N£aÙ¹h®Ll ¢heÉ¡®p Q¡l ¢h¢iæ R¾c h¡ a¡m, Q¡l ¢h¢iæ p¤¤ll¡N : fËb®j L¡q¡lh¡ a¡m – f’j l¡N, ¢àa£u oø£a¡m – L¡m¡ws¡ p¤¤l, a«a£u ®aJs¡ – ¢fm-¤p¤¤l Hhw ®no q®m¡ a¡m c¡cl¡ – ®cn-p¤¤lz

HR¡s¡ ®k ®k L¡hÉNË®¿Û N¡e¡¿¹¢la L¢ha¡l E®õM f¡Ju¡ k¡u ®p…¢ml ¢ejÀl©f –

“” ¢nö ”

“”®a¡j¡l L¢Va®Vl d¢V ®L ¢cm l¡¢Pu¡ ” L¢ha¡¢V k¡l n£oÑL “”®Mm¡”z H¢V lQe¡ L®le 1903 MË£ø¡®ë Hhw Hl p¤¤l pw®k¡Se¡ qu 1931 MË£xz “”N£®a¡vph” A¢ieu Efm®rÉ ¢L®n¡l eªaÉ ¢nÒf£l e¡®Ql N¡e z (lQe¡ – Bm®j¡s¡ 5 nË¡hZ – 1310)

 

“”EvpNÑ ”

“”B¢j Q’m ®q” n£oÑL L¡hÉN£¢al lQe¡ 1902 MË£xz “”X¡LOl” e¡VL A¢ieu-H Aj®ml AeÉaj N¡e ¢q®p®h a¡®L p¤¤®l hp¡®me L¢h üuw z 1917 p¡®m L¢ha¡¢V®a p¤¤l¡®l¡¢fa quz n¡¢¿¹¢e®La®el “”e¡VÉOl” j®’l A¢ie®u N¡Ju¡ q®u¢Rmz

 

“”®Mu¡”

®hm¡®n®o    “”Bl e¡C ®l ®hm¡ ” 13 i¡â, 1316

           “” c¤®Ml ®h®n H®pR h®m”

           “” Bj¡l ®N¡d§¢mmNe Hm h¤¢T L¡®R ” – lQe¡ 1905, p¤¤l – 1919

                     (N¡®e L¢ha¡¢Vl c¤¢V Ù¹hL h¡c f®s®R )

           “”B¢j ®Lje L¢lu¡ S¡e¡h ” lQe¡ -1905, p¤¤l – 1907

                     (L¢ha¡ N¡®e pw®r¢faz p¤¤®ll EfmrÉ – j¡®O¡vph )

           “”a¥¢j Hf¡l Jf¡l Ll ®L ®N¡ z” lQe¡ – 1905, p¤¤l – 19909

H¢V ®Mu¡ L¡hÉNË®¿Ûl ®no L¢ha¡ z.

HM¡®e ¢h®nol©®f E®õMÉ ®k “”r¢ZL¡” L¡®hÉl “”®q ¢el©fj¡” L¡hÉN£¢a¢Vl ¢ce ¢a®eL fl lh£¾cÊe¡b ay¡l L«o·L¢m®L p¤¤l pi¡u Bj¿»Z S¡e¡®mez lh£¾cÊN£a ¢h®no‘ – p¤¤d£l Q®¾cÊl Lb¡u hm¡ Q®m z

“”31 hvpl ®p clS¡l h¡C®l cy¡¢s®u¢Rmz 1931 ®n Nm¡ h¤T®aC h¡¢Sj¡v, ®ke HL a«a£u j¡œ¡u L«o·L¢m E¢æa q®m¡z L«o·L¢m q®m¡ A song apart z e¡e¡e l¡Np¤¤l®L L£šÑ®el l®p S¡¢l®u lh£¾cÊe¡b L«o·L¢m®L p¡S¡®me HL A¢ieh N£aLb¡uz N¡e-Bhª¢š ¢j®m HL¡L¡lz”

AeÉ¢c®L “r¢ZL¡’l ®no N¡e – “”®i¡l ®b®L BS h¡cm R¥®V®R’- HM®e¡ Ah¢d p¤¤l¢h®e¡l h¡C®lz a¡l ül¢m¢f ®eC z l¡N a¡®L Ry¥®u®R ¢Le¡ Bl ¢L S¡e¡ k¡®h ?”

 

 

“”hm¡L¡”

HC hm¡L¡ L¡hÉNË®¿Ûl “”®j¡l N¡e Hl¡ ph °nh¡®ml cm’‘ L¢ha¡l N£al©®f Bjl¡ f¡C “”N¡e …¢m ®j¡l °nh¡®mlC cm”z L¢ha¡¢Vl lQe¡ 1914 p¡®m AbQ N£al©f J p¤¤l pw®k¡¢Sa qu 1922 p¡®mz

Afl HL¢V N¡e

“”Be¾c N¡e EW¥L a®h h¡¢S ” N¡e¢V 1915 MÑ£x LmL¡a¡u ®lmf®b lQe¡ L®le z

f¢l®no

“fËh¡p£l flh¡p£ Q®m H®p¡ O®l’– HC c£OÑ L¢ha¡u pw®k¡¢Sa N£al©f z fËh¡p£ L¢ha¡¢V ®i®P …l¦®ch c¤¢V N¡e lQe¡ L®le z HL¢V q’m “flh¡p£ Q®m H®p¡ O®l’ Afl N¡e¢V qm –

“H®p¡ H®p fË¡®Zl Evp®h z’

“”e§ae” L¢ha¡l fP¢š²l œ²j hcm L’®l h¡ hSÑe L®l M¡ð¡S p¤¤®ll ®k¡Np§œ d®l “”c§llSe£l üfe m¡®N” N¡e¢V l¢Qa qu z L¡hÉp¤¤®ll HL C¾cÊS¡®ml j®dÉ ¢c®u HC N¡®el ¢h¢Qœ fËL¡n Bjl¡ ®cM®a f¡C z

 

“”h£¢bL¡”

“”R¢h” HLm¡ h®p ®ql ®a¡j¡l R¢h – 1m¡ °hn¡M 1931

fËa£r¡BS hloZj¤M¢la nË¡hZl¡¢a – 1935

(HM¡®e ¢h®no âøhÉ HC ®k N£al©®f R®¾cl M¡¢a®l “”hloZ”-l hc®m “”h¢loZ” n®ël Beue O®V®R z)

h¡cmpåÉ¡“”S¡¢e S¡¢e a¥¢j H®pR H f®b ” – 1935

h¡cml¡¢œL£ ®hce¡ ®j¡l – 1935 – HC N¡e¢V HLC a¡®m ¢ehå q®mJ c¤¢V f¡W¡¿¹l J p¤¤l¡¿¹®l B¢hø z HL¢Vl p¤¤l L£šÑe Hhw Afl¢V ®p¡¢qe£ z N£a¢ha¡®e ¢iæ c¤C N¡e ¢q®p®hC fËL¡¢na q®u®R z

AiÉ¡Na“j®e qm ®ke ®f¢l®u H®mj’ – 1935

 

¢h®noi¡®h E®õMÉ HC ®k Eš² Q¡l¢V N¡eC 1935 – Hl n¡¢¿¹¢e®La®e “hoÑ¡j‰m”-H N£a z

 

 

“ehS¡NlZ ‘

HC L¡®hÉl “E®à¡de’ (1938) L¢ha¡¢VC N£a¢ha¡®e i¨¢jL¡ pwN£a z N¡e¢V qm “”fËbj k¤®Nl Ecu ¢cN¡‰®e z”

k¢cJ L¢ha¡¢Vl ®no Ù¹hL N¡®e ÙÛ¡e f¡u¢e z N¡e¢Vl p¤¤®ll ülhå L¡¢g-L¡e¡s¡ l¡®Nl °h¢nøÉ pjªÜ lh£¾cÊL«a Afl©f ®jmhåe z “”N£a¢ha¡®el j¤Mhål©®f Efk¤š²al Bl ®L¡®e¡ N¡e ¢L HC ¢hnÄpwN£®al f¢lf§lL q®a f¡®l z”

 

“®l¡NnkÉ¡u’

1940 p¡®m lQe¡ L®le “”f¡¢M ®a¡l p¤¤l i¥¢mp ®e” z ¢L¿¹¥ Hl ül¢m¢f f¡Ju¡ k¡u e¡ z Eš² N¡e¢V “”®no ®mM¡”-l A¿¹NÑa z

1912 p¡®ml SeÈ¢c®el SeÉ …l¦®ch lQe¡ L®l¢R®me “fy¢Q®n °hn¡M’ n£oÑL “f§lh£’ L¡®hÉl c£OÑ L¢ha¡z19hvpl f®l HC L¢ha¡l L¢ha¡wn ¢a¢e p¤¤l¡®l¡f Ll®me °ilh£-l¡¢NZ£®az HM¡®e j§m-L¢ha¡l ®no c¤C Ù¹h®Ll ¢LR¥ f¤e¢hÑeÉ¡p L’®l p¤¤®l p¡S¡®me …l¦®chz aMe ®L S¡e®a¡ HC q®h-“”lh£®¾cÊl ®no fy¢Q®n °hn¡M”? flf¡®ll X¡L Bl j¡œ “Q¡l-j¡p’ A®fr¡ L’®l B®R? ¢L¿¹¥ N¡®el A¿¹lal-®m¡®L ®cM¡ k¡®h a¡l HC A¢¿¹®jl p¤¤®l ®i¡®ll l¡N – l¢hl Ecup‰£a!! ®kM¡®e “”lh£¾cÊe¡®bl °ilh£ Ae¤dÉ¡®e Ahp¡e—fË¡lñ HL¡L¡l——”!!! “”R¢h J N¡e’‘ ®b®L“”®l¡NnkÉ¡u” Ah¢d lh£¾cÊe¡®bl HC L¡hÉN£¢a pª¢øl jq¡-AdÉ¡uz k¡ BSJ ¢h®nÄl ¢hØju! lh£¾cÊe¡®bl phÉp¡Q£aÆ ay¡l pjNË L¡hÉ pš¡®LC – L¡hÉaÆ J N£aaÆ HC ¢àa®aÆ Eæ£a Ll®a f¡l®ae M¤h pq®SCz HM¡®eC lh£®¾cÊl L¡hÉN£¢a, L¡hÉ J p¤¤®ll ¢n®Òfl e¡¾c¢eL fËL¡n  pjNË SN®a Eá¡¢pa q®u lCm ¢QlL¡m zz
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